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NYS Comptroller



Public Safety

Inmates Held in State and Local Correctional Facilities New York State Total Crimes Reported Percent Change in New York State Crime Rate from 2007 to 2016

Inmate Populations and Crime Rates Have Declined Over the Past Decade

  • As of March 2017, a total of 75,683 inmates were held in 135 State and local correctional facilities, which include:
    • 54 State correctional facilities;
    • 64 county jail facilities; and
    • 17 New York City correctional facilities.
  • Since March 2008, the total inmate population has declined by 14,246 (15.8 percent).
  • From 2007 to 2016, the total number of crimes reported annually in New York State declined by 85,032 (18.4 percent). This trend reflects falling crime rates across major categories of crimes.
  • The rate of decline in reported crimes from 2007 to 2016 has been greater in areas outside of New York City than in the City itself.
    • Crimes reported in New York City declined by 12.8 percent, from 199,941 in 2007 to 174,402 in 2016; and
    • Crimes reported in areas outside of New York City declined by 22.8 percent, from 261,053 in 2007 to 201,560 in 2016.

SFY 2017-18 Enacted Budget Includes Provisions to Raise the Age of Criminal Responsibility to 18

  • The legislation will raise the age of juvenile jurisdiction from 16 to 17 years on October 1, 2018 and from 17 to 18 years on October 1, 2019.
  • As a result, individuals aged 16 and 17 years committing non-violent crimes will no longer be processed as adults in the State‚Äôs criminal justice system and will instead receive rehabilitation services in age-appropriate facilities.
  • Statewide, arrests of 16- and 17-year-olds for misdemeanors and non-violent felonies totaled 21,180 in 2016, of which:
    • 12,243 (57.8 percent) were made in New York City; and
    • 8,937 (42.2 percent) were made in areas outside of New York City.
  • On January 1, 2016, 89 offenders under custody in State correctional facilities were 16 or 17 years old, eight fewer than on January 1, 2015.

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